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What is Yoga?


Yoga is a system of knowledge which assists the physical, mental and spiritual development of the human. It’s an art of self-recognition, starting from the body’s physical development and finishing with the spirit’s perfection and human purity, and harmony with the nature and space.

There is an opinion that Yoga’s motherland is India, but in different places of the world are discovered petroglyphs connected with Yoga, being dated 5000 – 10000 years earlier from now. This becomes to inform that Yoga was created not only in India and not only for the Indians, but for all the human beings, it’s a universal value and serves to one aim: to show the right direction for human to live with full life.


During thousands of years Yoga knowledge was transferred from generation to generation, only from the master to disciple. During that period different schools/areas of Yoga were formed: Hatha Yoga, Karma Yoga, Jana or Jnyana Yoga, Raja Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Mantra Yoga and etc. According to information reached to us, first time in 2-nd century BC the sage Patanjali has systemized and classified the knowledge about Yoga and presented as a text-book. This text-book is honored very much in all over the world as a primary text-book of classic Yoga.

Patanjali in his book “Yoga-Sutra” provides two explanations of the word Yoga. In one case the word yoga is directly tied with yoki which means connection or union, i.e. connection or union between human, nature and space. In another case the word yoga is tied with yuj from old Sanskrit, which means meditation.


Sage Patanjali informs that Yoga is the stabilization of mental vibrations, movements, wanderings. He calls yoga Ashtanga Yoga which means Yoga consisting of 8 phases (ashta – eight, and anga stage, branch). 8 phases are as follows: Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratiahara, Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi. 











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